Cave exploration around Matienzo during 1996
Cavers during the 26th year of British Speleological Expeditions to Matienzo surveyed over 4km of new cave passage, taking the total of explored cave in the area to over 200km, with about 1220 catalogued sites of speleological interest. The explorations mainly occurred during Easter, a few days in June and over a five week period in July and August. There were no major discoveries this year, some loose ends were explored and various leads found to explore during 1997. The main discoveries are listed in the table.
South Vega System and Cueva Valline
These two caves, on the north and south sides of a 688m high hillside, continue to creep closer together. The systems are being jointly explored by the Matienzo and Tortosa cavers.
In Cueva Valline (site 733), most new passage in 1996 was discovered in the "old cave" by pushing and surveying passages which had not be fully explored during the original explorations. The upstream Rio Rioja was dived by Rupert Skorupka and continues through sump 2 to sump 3 where the passage remains inviting.
In the South Vega System (consisting of Torca Azpilicueta (333), Torca de Coterón (264), Torca de la Vera Negra (36) and Cubio de la Reñada (48)), explorations at Easter at the far upstream end continued during one trip in the summer to find a long streamway, The China Syndrome, which ended at a huge aven which could be bolted in the future. This point lies some 500m north of Cueva Valline and 150m below.
In Torca de la Vera Negra some pushing was carried out in the East Wanders with the intention of pushing towards Valline which is apparently on a similar level 1km to the south. No significant progress was made.
During a push up a boulder choke in Breakdown Chamber in Cubio de la Reñada, Graham Hart from Plymouth dislodged a boulder, fell and broke his leg in four places. The ups and downs in the roomy but muddy entrance series, which are normally given scarcely a thought, provided "fun and games" for the dozen cavers it took to bring him out over eleven hours.
The Caves of North Vega
Cueva de la Morenuca (site 774) was almost doubled in length and extended to link with the Cubija System at Easter. This set of caves now consists of Torca de Mostajo (71), Torca de Regaton (892) and Morenuca. The nearby Torca de la Calleja Rebollo (Toad in the Hole, 258) was extended by 500m in small passage to bring the length to 5.5km. In the Sistema de Colmenas-Escalon (site 363) tidying up found just 200m of passage.
The Four Valley System
A small amount of passage was surveyed in Cueva Hoyuca (Uzueka, site 107), near to Straw Inlet. In Secadura, a draughting cave known since the seventies, Cueva 77A (site 154), was pushed through boulders into a bouldery cave with flooded lower levels (see survey). Although less than 400m long, this is a significant find, next to the cave behind the main resurgence (site 117) for the Matienzo water.
A major dive using helium was carried out by Rupert Skorupka in Peter Plummet (site 239), the over flow for the Nacimiento del Rio Clarion. He reached a depth of over 74m where the shaft was seen to carry on with no bottom in sight. (See Caves & Caving 73).
As part of the ongoing scientific study of the Matienzo karst a water quality monitoring programme was initiated this year. The aim of this project is to quantify solute flux through the Matienzo depression. A combination probe and associated data logging facility, comprising of SENTEC direct ION electrodes to monitor water hardness and dissolved calcium load, were installed in the main streamway of Cueva Molino (Cueva del Agua, site 59). A logging interval of 30mins was set giving an estimated six month time scale for data collection. The site will be revisited within this time scale to replenish batteries and extend the sampling period. It is hoped to expand the instrumentation level in the near future in particular to give a more accurate indication of discharge. The assistance, with this project, of the Ghar Parau Foundation and the William Pengelly Cave Studies Trust is duly acknowledged. (Andy Quin)
Thanks are due to the caving and regional authorities who provide the necessary permits, and the many friends in Matienzo and Spanish caving groups who make us so welcome. In addition to the Ghar Parau Foundation and William Pengelly grants mentioned above, a sum of £440 was received from the Foundation for Sport and the Arts: thanks are due to all these bodies.
amended from an article by Juan Corrin in Caves & Caving 75
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